From NE Essex & SW Suffolk.

The known surnames of persons in this group to 5th cousin level are; Jefferies, Britton, Button, & Skipper. The link to the descendant chart related to these matches is Jefferies.

As one would expect Louise and Nicholas head the matches as children with my nieces Melissa & Elinor as close family.

There are two 3rd cousins to me, MGJ, descendants of Peter Button Jefferies, and Sarah Harrington.

The first is Heather S Jefferies, (test name Heather Sharpe) descended from Peter Button's eldest son, William Frederick. The DNA share is 99cM on 4 segments. There are matches common to myself and Heather with the surnames of Shwky, Kirby, Wood, Sohye & Williams but not resolved.

The second is Vivienne Upton, descended from Peter Button's second son, Peter James. The DNA share is 139cM on 9 segments. There is one other matches shared by me & Vivienne apart from known family & that is to Eddie Pugh; his connection is dicussed below as part of the Cheasley family.

The link between the English and American descendants of the Jefferies is very well supported by a number of tests at 4th & 5th cousin level all descended from Henry Jefferies (Peter Button's brother) and Martha Atkin, whose family went to Florida after Henry's death in 1895. These matches are around 70 to 40 cM and there are 8 resolved to known descendants.

The pivotal one is to Sally Howard, nee Underwood, who is descended from Henry's second son, George Atkin Jefferies via George's 4th child Henrietta, and who has been a major contributor to the family history in the days before the advent of DNA evidence. Sally's daughter Kara is also matched as are other descendants of Henrietta, namely Jill Allison Underwood, Sally's brother Mauurice's daughter, and her two children.  Another descendant of George Atkin Jefferies is Thomas Henry Jefferies Jr.

There a match to Jonathan Henry, Henry's eldest son, to Lee William Collins. His results are particularly interesting in that he has matches to me on chromosomes that other descendants of Henry Jefferies do not show. This is also a subject of study.

Martha Fanny Jefferies, Henry's 3rd daughter who married David Anderson, leads to Sue Diefenbruch, at 16cM on one segment and Martha's son David W Anderson Jr. has two daughters tested, Martha and Nancy.

Jane Jefferies, Henry's eldest daughter, links to Julie Ruth Stearns, with 41cM on 4 segments. 

A number of other 4th cousin matches are known, varying from 34cM downwards and with shared matches to other American lines, but not worked out fully as yet.  The main matches are on chromosome 17 around B37 start at 3480000 and some on chromosome 22 at B37 start at 2778000. Sally Howard also has a match on chromosome 14 at 55879000.

As expected cluster analyses on matches of myself, Louise and Nicholas show the relatedness of the persons mentioned above.

Further back there are a number of matches that suggest a connection to families from Sible Hedingham, the birthplace of Peter & Henry Jefferies' father Jonathon.  The main link is to three matches with the surname of Cheasley and linked names including Pugh & Pickford. It now seems that the Cheasley family is descended from John Bretton & Martha Bowtell, parents of Charlotte Britton & her sister Lettice. Charlotte has been suggested before as the mother of Jonathon Jefferies but, until now, not verifiable from documentary data.  It is now verified that a record link to the Cheasleys has been made, now to explore the other names.

Another Jefferies descendant has recently been identified. He is Richard Jefferies, descended from Samuel Jefferies who is Jonathan Jefferies & Charlotte Britton's youngest son.  The match is at 10cM on 1 segment whch is small but the documentary evidence is strong. This reinforces the connection to this pivotal couple.

In an attempt to explore the Jefferies line I have taken a y-DNA test and I hope to recruit other known Jefferies males to see if we can trace the name back much further.  My Haplogroup is R-M269. So far my closest match is at 67 markers out of 111. The probability of the nearest shared ancestor is 20 generations at 80%. More is expected.

Otherwise links to the Button side, from Harriet Button, #4, have not been established.

Page reviewed on 28/9/20.

 
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